World Diabetes Day is celebrated on November 14 to generate more awareness around the disease that impacts millions of people across India and is gradually becoming one of the most common diseases across the country.

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The day is observed every year to commemorate the birth anniversary of Sir Frederick Banting for the discovery of insulin with Charles Best in 1922. World Diabetes Day is celebrated in over 160 countries, reaching a global audience of over 1 billion people. It is the world’s largest diabetes awareness campaign. This day highlights the issues of diabetes and provides education regarding the disease.

According to the World Health Organisation, a combination of factors have contributed to the increase in the number of Indians suffering from diabetes including rapid urbanisation, inactive lifestyles, unhealthy diets and a lot more.

This year’s theme is ‘The family and Diabetes’ that focuses on the impact of diabetes on our families. The theme also helps figure out how to protect our families and loved ones by making some simple and yet important changes in our diets and lifestyle.

World Diabetes Day – How to prevent diabetes

Though there are certain factors you can’t change like your age or genes, there are many things you can do to reduce the risk of diabetes. You can easily prevent diabetes by making certain changes in your diets and your lifestyle.

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Physical activity or exercise can improve your health and reduce the risk of developing several diseases like diabetes. Exercise increases the insulin sensitivity of your cells. So when you exercise, you need less insulin to keep your blood sugar levels under control.

Eating refined carbs or sugary foods can put you at a risk of developing diabetes. So it becomes your responsibility towards your body to replace such food with those which have less effect on blood sugar.

Drinking Water can help reduce the risk of diabetes. According to researchers, the amount of water you drink plays an important role in how your body regulates blood sugar. Drinking water also helps you avoid beverages that are high in sugar, preservatives and other harmful ingredients.

People who are overweight or obese have higher chances of developing diseases like diabetes. So, lose weight if you have lots of fat in your body to prevent health risks which are associated with obesity.

As per the reports, smoking is one of the major causes of type 2 diabetes, which is also known as adult-onset diabetes. Smokers have a greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes than nonsmokers. The risk of developing diabetes increases with every cigarette smoked in a day.

It’s important to avoid being inactive if you want to prevent diabetes. If you do very little physical activity, or you keep sitting during most of your day, then you lead a sedentary lifestyle. Try to find time from your busy schedule for some physical activity to reduce the risk of diabetes.

Eating well and adopting some healthy lifestyle behaviour that promote beneficial blood sugar and insulin levels are the best ways to prevent diabetes.

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