A big tribute to the Indian warhorse and devoted revolutionary, Harkishan Singh Surjeet on his 104th birth anniversary!
Harkishan Singh Surjeet Biography
A veteran Indian Marxist politician, Harkishan Singh Surjeet was remembered on his 104th birth anniversary. He was born on 23 March, 1916 in Bandala. In his adolescence, he united with the national liberation movement. Hailing from a Sikh family, Harkishan Singh took birth in Bundala (Rupowal), Jalandhar district in eastern Punjab. He was prompted by the social extremist Bhagat Singh and his region became the epicentre of colonialism. He was susceptible to everyone arriving at him in a Punjabi way.
Harkishan Singh Surjeet Political Career
Harkishan Singh Surjeet began his political career in 1936. He contributed seven and a half-decade of his life to his political career. He was a big admirer of Bhagat Singh and united with his drive Naujawan Bharat Sabha at the age of 14 in 1930. In 1936, he connected with the Communist Party of India. In the pre-independence era, he started issuing Dukhi Duniya and Chingari to put a match to people against British colonialism. He put in all his endeavours for the communal harmony in violence-affected Punjab. Colonial authorities arrested Harkishan during the warfare. He also got into a brawl with the people not supporting the communal harmony.
He was serving as the CPI General Secretary in Punjab when India was emancipated by British rule in 1947. Although he wore a Sikh turban throughout his life, he was an infidel. Before evolving as the Communist Party of India and the All India Kisan Sabha’s leader, he instigated the farmer movement and the Communist Party of India. He had a lifetime coalition with the farmer’s drive and continued the anti-betterment levy struggle of the farmers in Punjab in 1959.
During the separation of Communist Party of India in 1964, Surjeet allianced with the CPI (Marxist) and became one of the nine members of the original CPI (M) Polit Bureau.
In 1966, the CPI (M) aided Association of Indian communist was set up in London in which he monitored its annual elections and those related to the Indian Workers Association. In 1967, Surjeet was elected to the Punjab legislative assembly for the CPI (M) and served till 1972. He acted as a member of Rajya Sabha in the Indian parliament between 1978 and 1982.
He rose to fame within his party and was later designated as General Secretary of the Central Committee of the CPI (M) in 1992 and served till 2005. He strictly criticised the opposition party BJP and communalism. He played an essential role in setting up a number of anti-BJP unions in the 1990s and backed the present UPA government too. During the 1996-1998 United Front government and 2004 Lok Sabha election, he was the artful godfather in parliamentary politics who was fixing and assembling broad unions.
CPI (M)(43) is the third-largest party in the Indian parliament after Congress(145) and BJP(138). CPI has 10 seats. According to sources, Surjeet was the prime hindrance to the CPI (M) wishing the alliance with CPI.
Some renowned dignitaries paid homages to the veteran Marxist leader after his death. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh called him a big political leader and a true nationalist who worked tirelessly for the well-being of the oppressed. President Pratibha Patil and Congress President Sonia Gandhi called his death a deprivation to the communist movement and the entire nation. BJP leader Lal Krishna Advani said that Indian politics has lost a warhorse and Marxist movement a steadfast revolutionary.
Surjeet ‘s prime motive was to keep the Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janta Party at bay and battled for the communalism including religion, caste, language or region.
Harkishan Singh Surjeet Achievements
Besides being an illustrious politician, Surjeet penned down the books such as Happenings in Punjab, Land Reforms in India and The Outline History of the Communist Party. He also wrote a big number of journal articles related to political affairs in the country.
Harkishan Singh Surjeet Personal Life
Harkishan Singh Surjeet exchanged nuptial vows with Pritam Kaur and the couple is blessed with four children including two sons and two daughters.
Besides, hr enjoyed eating sarson ka saag and jaggery greatly from the farmlands of Punjab.
The leading communist, Harkishan Singh Surjeet kicked the bucket at the age of 92 on 1st August 2008 in Noida, Uttar Pradesh. He had congestive heart failure.
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