A heap of garbage primarily plastic waste lines a beach in Mumbai in Maharashtra one of the states where a plastic ban has recently been introduced. 

Why Plastic ban in India is important?

Confederation of Indian Industry, a ginger group said that the gesticulation of plastic ban in India has become an observational argument for various economic sectors. It is an industry association in India which is a non-government, non-profit, industry-led and industry managed organization. According to the United Nations and CII, Plastic Waste is at contagious dimensions in the world’s oceans with an approximate of 100 million tonnes junked there hitherto. Huge number of plastic particles in the intestines of profoundly inhabited ocean mammals like seal, dolphins, whales etc. have been found by researchers. 14 million tonnes of plastic is being used by the Indian population annually in the current scenario which leads to the mismanagement of plastic waste extensively.

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According to an official working on the policy, prohibition on the exercise of small-sized plastic bottles for medication or health products should be liberated as no other substitutes are available for the same. The government propounded nationwide restrain on the use of plastic has distressed consumer firms who are engaged in the exercise of packaging for everything from sodas and biscuits to ketchup and shampoo since long. Due to the implementation of reducing the usage of plastic, most of the consumers have butterflies in their stomachs. Every product in the market has a shelf life but morosely it is not in the exemplification with plastics. Eventually, the practice of plastic causing havoc for the environment is becoming a consequential affair for all of us. Plastics take around 500 to 1000 years to debase owing to the presence of complex polymers in nature. The naked truth is that our universe cannot absorb the plastic. Inevitably, every product made by the plastic can be found in some form or other on our planet until now. 56 lakh tonnes of plastic waste in India is being generated every year out of which Delhi, the capital of India, solitary elucidates 9,600 metric tonnes plastic waste per day.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s much-speculated plastic ban plan on October 2nd, 2019, 150th anniversary of the non-violent political leader did not live up to the hype created, as part of a campaign to get rid of single-use plastics. According to an official named Chitra Mukherjee, head of advocacy and policy at Delhi-based Chintan Environmental Research and action group, the toxins, poisons and persistent pollutants present in the plastic products leach and enter into the human bodies which cause several diseases like cancer. Becoming a catalyst for change starts with us at home.

If we wish to win this battle of reducing the usage of plastic in our daily life, we voluntarily need to give a push for the usage of biodegradable products. Currently in India, only one law has been enforced that plastic bags below 50 microns cannot be used as they are the big menace to the environment. Oils, fours, watery items, milk, bread, and many other items are wrapped in plastic bags since there is no other perfect alternative for this problem. Though the production of many plastic factories emits their chemical waste in the air, soil, and water which creates pollution in the environment. This can cause harm to human beings, animals and other living creatures on the land spreading many infectious diseases. Many big brands and vendors have also started charging for the polybags in order to discourage the use of polybags. As plastics are economical and imperishable in nature, therefore its level of production is high and it has become very convenient in our day-to-day life.

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Bengaluru Plastic traders’ and workers stage a protest against the ban on plastic bags in Bengaluru.

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Chennai A worker assembles stitched biodegradable bags ahead of a plastic ban announced by the Tamil Nadu government in Chennai on July 16, 2018. The state government recently issued orders that exempted various items such as plastic bags which form an integral part of packaging wherein goods are sealed before use.

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Mumbai Actor Ajay Devgan and Kajol during a program oraganised as a part of Plastic Ban Campaign in Mumbai

Plastic Ban Causes and Effects

Nowadays, Plastic has become a serious global matter. Billions of plastic bags and products are thrown everywhere which causes the blockage of drains and hence reaches rivers and oceans. It is contaminating the environment. Plastic Pollution affects land, waterways, and oceans.

Causes of Plastic Pollution

It is overused

As plastic is inexpensive and easily available in the market, therefore is an overused item which on disposing off does not decompose easily and causes harm to land and air nearby when burnt.

Plain Old Trash

Plastic is present everywhere, milk cartons, water bottles and in the form of beads get mixed up in the environment and their toxic pollutants do harm. Trash dumps and landfills allow these pollutants to enter into the ground and affect wildlife and groundwater for years to come.

Fishing Nets

Commercial Fishing has also become the need of the hour and people eat fish for survival and earning their livelihood. The nets used in this operation of grabbing fishes are submerged in the water leaking toxins at will and if broken up or lost, left to remain wherever they fall. In this way, it ensures that pollutants enter the water and kills or harm the local wildlife or fish of that area.

Disposing of Plastic and Garbage

It is almost impossible to break down plastic if burnt is incredibly toxic. When it is in landfills, it keeps on releasing harmful toxins. The process of recycling plastic also leads to plastic irritants which never stops releasing in any way.

Contributes to Climate Change

Plastics are made from non-renewable resources like petroleum and natural gas, through their extraction and production they produce greenhouse gases that contribute to climate change.

Harmful to Human Health

When marine organisms consume plastics in the oceans, thus making their way to enter into the aquatic animals which when consumed by human beings can be hazardous to their health.

Effects of Plastic Ban

If Plastic bags will be banned, it will reduce retail employment. Bans on plastic bags will increase the prices for consumers and decrease the profit for producers, eventually, it will decrease the economic activity in the area affected by the Plastic ban. The plastic processing industries of India have over 30,000 units which give an annual turnover of around Rs. 2.25 lakh crore. The plastic ban will definitely ensure the segregation of wet and dry waste at source because of which there will be no stinking which was earlier associated with the mounds of garbage. Being an advanced economy, the repetition of the recycling of plastic products or overuse of the plastic things in the country will be restrained.  According to the All India Plastic Manufacturer’s Association, the government will have to carefully put a ban on the plant closures of plastic industries and has to look for alternatives and substitutes for job losses as well as businesses. Over 4 million people are associated with these industries. Marine Environmental issues will be resolved so far and there will be a significant decrease in the air, water, and land pollution. The food chain will also not be affected.

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