What is Constitution Day?

November 26th was commemorated as Constitution Day across the nation to mark the enactment of the Indian Constitution by the Constituent Assembly on this day in 1949. This day is also recognised as ‘Samvidhan Divas’ in the history of India.

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The constitution was made two years posterior to the independence from British rule in 1949 and came into effect on 26th January 1950 to celebrate the oath of Purna Swaraj that took place in the Lahore session of the Congress on this day in 1930. Earlier, this day was celebrated as the ‘National Law Day’. Since Prime Minister Narendra Modi has made an official proclamation on October 11th 2015 while laying the bedrock of Statue of Equality in Mumbai, this day is marked to pay gratitude to the first jurist of India Bhim Rao Ambedkar who played an essential role in the formulation of the Constitution.

A 10-day long programme was systematised by the Bharatiya Janta Party on this event. Besides, both PM Modi and President Ram Nath Kovind addressed the joint session – Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha of Parliament on Tuesday in the national capital. President Kovind also originated a digital exhibition from the Parliament through video conferencing on this milestone. The joint sitting of Loka Sabha and Rajya Sabha took place at 2 p.m. 

Few opposition bodies led by the Congress cut off the joint sitting of Parliament to celebrate the Samvidhan Divas and carried the political evolution in Maharashtra. The MPs from opposition bodies said that they will revolt in front of the Ambedkar statue from Parliament House. 

While addressing to the nation in the 56th version of the programme ‘Mann ki Baat’, PM Narendra Modi had declared November 26th as special day for the whole country and expressed concern that Constitution Day would bolster the nation’s duty towards upholding the constitutional ideals and values which contributes to the building of nation. Modi said that this was the vision of the builders of our Constitution.

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Celebration of Constitution Day -2019 

Though the Constitution Day is not a public holiday, all Government offices or institutions initiated the celebration this year by reading the ‘Preamble’ of the Constitution. A National Campaign was also commenced to concentrate on the fundamental duties as an important feature of the Constitution. This campaign was sent off on 26th November 2019 and concluded on 26th November 2020.

Posterior to the annulment of Article 370 which concluded the Jammu and Kashmir Constitution took place in 1957, this year, J&K also commemorated November 26th as the 70th jubilee of the adoption of the Constitution of India.

Ministry of Parliament organised several events in the national capital. Mass reading of the ‘Preamble’ took place at Offices/establishments, Private Organisations, PSUs, Corporate Bodies etc. Several Seminars/talks related to the constitution of India and related duties were also systematised. Comprehensive advertisement of Mass Preamble Reading by the Ministry of I&B and State Public Relations Department was also done. 

  • To make people aware of the meaning of the Constitution, several pamphlets were distributed and campaigns were also systematised. 
  • Various plays and dramas were also organised.
  • Lectures and seminars were arranged in the schools and institutions. 
  • Social media campaigns 

Constitution Day History

National Constitution Day or National Law Day on November 26th is marked as the dawn of a new era due to the adoption of the Constitution of India in 1949 and came into force on 26th January 1950. To address the contribution of the artisans of the Constitution and provoke the people regarding the prominent values, this day is observed as Samvidhan Divas.

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The demand of the Constituent Assembly was created in 1934. M.N.Roy, a communist party leader was the first person to propose the idea. It was taken up by the Congress party and subsequently, in 1940, this demand was acknowledged by the British Government. Indians were permitted to draft the Indian Constitution in the August offer. First time on 9th December 1946, the Constituent Assembly met before independence. On 29th August 1947, a Drafting Committee was constituted to prepare a Draft Constitution with Dr.B.R. Ambedkar as the chairman. On November 26th 1949, the Committee had finished their work. The first meeting of the Assembly was in New Delhi on 9 December 1946 and last, 24 January 1950. The Constitution of India became the law of the land on 26th January 1950.

Constitution Day Images at India Content

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