Balasaheb Thackeray, an eminent figure of Mumbai portrayed himself as remote control of the Shiv SenaBharatiya Janta Party government in Maharashtra in 1995.

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Balasaheb Thackeray’s Biography

An illustrious Indian democrat and inventor of Shiv Sena’s Bal Keshav Thackery’s (also known as Bala Saheb Thackeray) natal day was 23rd January 1926. He was born to Keshav Sitharam Thackeray and Ramabai Thackeray in Pune, Bombay Presidency, British India. He was the eldest among eight siblings including his two brothers and five sisters. His brothers were Ramesh Thackeray and Shrikant Prabodhankar Thackeray and his sisters were Pama Tipnis, Sudha Sule, Sarla Gadkari, Susheela Gupte and Sanjeevani Karandikar. His family belongs to the CKP community or the Marathi Chandraseniya Kayastha Prabhu. Bal Thackery died at the age of 86 due to cardiac arrest.

Due to his lesser interest in studies and financial standoff, he dropped out his school at a very young age. He was always keen on photography, reading, travelling and listening to music. Later on 13th June 1948, he tied the knots with Mina Thackeray and the couple was blessed with three sons – Bindumadhav, Jaidev and Uddhav. His wife succumbed in 1995 and his eldest son

Bindumadhav lost his life in a car accident in 1996. Uddhav took over his father as the ruler of Shiv Sena. 

Bal Thackery commenced Shiv Sena, a right-wing pro-Marathi and Hindu nationalist party active mainly in the Maharashtra state with only 18 people. His motive of initiating the new party Shiv Sena was to guard Marathi Manoos. He started working as a cartoonist for the Mumbai based newspaper – Free Press Journal and later his cartoons were also being published in the Sunday edition of The Times of India. He floated a cartoon weekly-Marmik in conjunction with his brother Srikant in 1960 and protested against the increasing numbers and influence of non-Marathi mass in Mumbai, targeting South Indian population. He also launched a daily-News Day along with the politician George Fernandes and 5 other people which lasted for only two months. He penned down for a Marathi advertisement under alias ‘Mavla’.

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Balasaheb Thackeray’s Achievements

Balasaheb Thackeray has been bestowed with NBC Lifetime Achievement Award at an event which was programmed by Vaidehi Sachin and Vishwajeet Gaikwad of NBC awards at Trident hotel on occasion of Maharashtra day. 

The Sena’s creator Balasaheb has been appreciated in various ways but it is very difficult to target any one area of his achievements. He continuously fought for social equality and justice. He invented a distinguished politics focused at the new generation of the sixties, the particular circumstances of Mumbai. 

Presently, Uddhav Thackeray, the son of popular political party Shiv Sena founder late Balasaheb Thackeray, is the Chief Minister of Maharashtra. 

Balasaheb Thackeray’s Political Career

Bal Thackeray formed Shiv Sena on 19th June 1966 posterior to the achievements of Marmik. This party was not created with the vision of politics but an army of Shivaji Maharaj to battle for the Marathi manoos. It regulated the ‘sons of the soil movement’ in which they appealed for the favoured treatment in private and public sector jobs for Marathi natives. In its 1966 proclamation, Bal Thackeray proved Maharashtrian’s discrimination by publishing a list of corporate officials from a local directory, many being South Indians and Gujaratis. 

Their party expanded in the next 10 years. Posterior to the support in a protest for amalgamation of Karwar, Belgaum and Nipani regions in Maharashtra, Thackeray and Manohar Joshi were detained in 1969.  

Shiv Sena was an anti-communist party which seized the control of trade unions in Bombay from the Communist Party of India. Due to the Marathi migrants from the Konkan region and local unemployed youth from the declining textile industry joining, the party expanded. In the 1980s, the ruling Congress Party was threatened due to its extended support to Shiv Sena as it was competing against CPI.

Thackeray aided Congress party many times and helped Indira Gandhi during the 1975 Emergency to avoid getting her detained. 

Thackeray commenced Sena’s newspaper ‘Saamna’ in 1989. His close supporter Chhagan Bhujbal took an exit from the party in 1991 due to Thackeray’s opposition for Mandal Commission report. He took stand as anti-Muslim and for Hindutva. Later, Shiv Sena joined its hands with Bharatiya Janta Party which triumphed the 1995 Maharashtra State Assembly elections and were in power from 1995 to 1999. 

The Chief Minister Manohar Joshi and Thackeray were also charged for encouraging the Shivsainiks for violence during the 1992-93 riots.

Thackeray was outlawed for polling and contesting in any of the elections for next six years on 28th July 1999. He was restricted for non-appearance in any kind of elections by Election Commission for indulging in fraudulent exercise by seeking polls in the name of religion from 11th December 1999 to 10th December 2005. He was again detained for his participation in the violence in 2000 but was released due to the expiry of the statute of limitations. 

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