Ayodhya Judgement Full Text
In the history of India, the first-ever most significant and most foreseen Ayodhya Verdict has been announced on Saturday by the Supreme Court for over a century-old case. A five magistrate constitution bench directed by Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi with Justices S A Bobde, D Y Chandrachud, Ashok Bhushan and S Abdul Nazeer has brought the disputed 2.77-acre land to an end. They have transferred an alternative land parcel to the Muslim group for the construction of a mosque that had marked off claim in disputed land of Ramjanambhumi.
The apex court has declared that the mosque should be established at a ‘conspicuous location’ and a trust should be formed within three months for the establishment of Rama Temple where Hindus believe Lord Rama was born and it will also have representation of the ‘Nirmohi Akhara’. The land has been turned over to the divinity Ram Lalla who is one of the three candidates in the case. However, the central government beneficiary will keep the custody of the land.
As mentioned in the landmark verdict, a conspicuous location in the religious township of Uttar Pradesh will be assigned for a mosque. According to the judges, the Hindus were able to demonstrate their case that they were in the dominion of the outer courtyard whereas the Muslim side was inapt to demonstrate their unshared dominion of the inner courtyard. The verdict released after the 40 days of long-term hearing by the Supreme Court in the much-cogitated Babri Masjid–Ram Janambhoomi title dispute case.
Ayodhya Case Timeline
This Ram Mandir – Babri Masjid land dispute in Ayodhya running from over centuries has a lot of historic events to elaborate.
According to Hindu folklore, Ayodhya is known as the Ram Janambhoomi which is the natal place of Lord Rama. It is believed by the Hindu alliance that the Mosque was constructed here by knocking down the temple which is considered as the birthplace of the Hindu Supreme being Rama whereas Muslims affirms that Mosque was never constructed after the destruction of temple but with the help of the ruins of the temples. This case has taken a big momentum because of the religious, historical and political conflicts moving around the possession of the site.
It is believed that when Babur was called to India by Indian Governor to beat Ibrahim Lodhi in 1526, then one of his commanders after the victory over north-east India visited Ayodhya where he constructed a mosque and named it as Babri-Masjid to give salutation to Babur. The Mosque was built in a grand enclosure so that Hindus and Muslims both can idolise under one dome which means Muslim inside the Mosque and Hindus outside the Mosque but inside the compound i.e. Mosque-Temple. Since then, this property is under debate whether it was constructed after the destructed site of the temple or established after ruination.
The chronology of the historic events in the 500-year-old case of Ayodhya questioned land in which the Supreme Court on Saturday has released a verdict are as follows:
It is said that the first Mughal Emperor Babur had ordered one of his generals Mir Baqi to build the Babri Masjid.
Court rejected the petition filed by Mahant Raghubir Das in Faizabad district court questing the consent to construct a ceiling outside the disputed structure.
Outside the disputed land, idols of Ram Lalla were kept under central dome.
To get the rights to worship the idols of Ram Lalla, Gopal Simla Visharad filed a case in Faizabad district court.
-Paramahansa Ramchandra Das also filed a case for keeping the icons and to continue the worshipping of Ram Lalla.
Nirmohi Akhara registered a case striving for the guardianship of the site.
UP Sunni Central Waqf Board registered a case for the ownership of the site.
Site for Hindu worshipping was unlatched on the order of local court to the Indian government.
-August 14, 1989
Allahabad High Court called for the sustenance of state of affairs in respect of the questioned structure.
-December 6, 1992
Babri Masjid devastated.
-April 3. 1993
An act ‘Acquisition of Certain Area at Ayodhya Act’ was declared for obtaining land by Centre in the disputed area.
-Various mandate suits were filed in Allahabad High Court asserting various phases of the act. (comprising one by Ismail Faruqui)
-Supreme Court operating its arbitration under Article 139A transferred the mandate suits, which were pending in the High Court.
-October 24, 1994
According to Supreme Court, historic Islam Faruqui case mosque was not elemental to Islam.
High Court laid an investigation to decide the guardianship of the disputed site.
-March 13, 2003
SC says, in the Aslam alias Bhure case, no religious activity of any nature be allowed at the acquired land.
– Sep 30, 2010
HC, in a 2:1 majority, rules three-way division of disputed area between Sunni Waqf Board, the Nirmohi Akhara and Ram Lalla.
– May 9, 2011
SC stays HC judgement on Ayodhya
– Mar 21, 2017
CJI JS Khehar suggests out-of-court settlement among rival parties.
– Aug 7
SC comprises three-magistrate bench to listen petitions challenging 1994 judgement of the Allahabad High Court.
SC decides to take up petitions on case for hearing on January 4, 2019.
-Jan 4, 2019
SC says an
appropriate bench constituted by it will pass an order on January 10 for fixing
the date of hearing in the title case.
Justice U. U. Lalit recuses himself prompting SC to reschedule the hearing for January 29 before a new bench.
Nirmohi Akhara opposes in SC Centre’s plea to return acquired land around Ayodhya site to owners.
– Oct 16
SC concludes hearing; reserves order.
– Nov 9
SC grants entire 2.77 acre of disputed land in Ayodhya to deity Ram Lalla, ownership of land will remain with Central government receiver. SC has directed Centre and UP government to provide 5-acre land to the Muslims at a conspicuous location for constructing mosque.
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