Wishing the leading Indian politician, former Governor and Chairman Buta Singh a happy and healthy life ahead!

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Buta Singh Biography

An Indian Politician, Governor and Chairperson, Buta Singh celebrated his 86th birthday this year. He was born on 21st March 1934 in the Mustafapur village in Jalandhar district of Punjab state, British India. His father’s name was Bir Singh and mother’s name was Beant Singh. He completed his Bachelors in Arts from Lyallpur Khalsa College in Jalandhar and Masters in Arts from Guru Nanak Khalsa College in Bombay, Maharashtra. He obtained his PhD degree from Bundelkhand University.

Before swooping into politics, he instigated his career as an agriculturist and journalist. Initially, he was associated with Akali Dal and later left the party due to some conflicts. In the late 1960s, he joined the Indian National Congress Party and became the close associate of the Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and his family. He was also very near to the erstwhile Prime Ministers of India Indira Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi

Buta Singh Political Career

Buta Singh emerged as the Lok Sabha members and triumphed the seat eight times. He was chosen in the 3rd Lok Sabha for the first time from Moga constituency in 1962, in 4th, 5th and 7th Lok Sabha from Ropar constituency in 1967, 1971 and 1980, 8th, 10th,12th and 13th Lok Sabha from Jalore constituency in 1984, 1991, 1998 and 1999. In his political career, he served as the General Secretary of the All India Congress Committee General Secretary from 1978-1980, India’s Home Minister and Bihar’s Governor from 2004-2006. Apart from this, he held other portfolios including Union Deputy Minister, Railways from 1974-76, Union Deputy Minister, Commerce from 1976-77, Union Minister of State, Shipping and Transport from 1980-82, Union Minister of State, Supply and Rehabilitation in 1982, Union Minister of State, Supply and Sports from 1982-83, Union Cabinet Minister, Parliamentary Affairs, Sports, Works and Housing from 1983-84, Union Cabinet Minister, Agriculture and Rural Development from 1984-85, Union Cabinet Minister, Agriculture from 1985-86, Union Cabinet Minister, Home Affairs from 1986-89, Chairman, Parliament Committee on Defence from 1994-95, Union Cabinet Minister, Civil Supplies, Consumer Affairs and Public Distribution from 1995-96, Union Cabinet Minister, Communications from March-April, 1998, Member, Committee of Privileges and Member, Committee on Communications from 1999-2000, Chairman of Public Accounts Committee, Room No.51, Parliament House, New Delhi from 2002-2003 and later he vowed as Governor of Bihar on November 5th, 2004 for two years, Permanent Invitee Congress Working Committee from 2006-2007. From 1999-2001, he acted as Member of Committee on the Welfare of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes and in 2007, he became the chairman of National Commission for Schedule Cast (ranked as Cabinet Minister) for three years. He has relished a prolonged and vivid journey of politics in his career.

He composed a book titled Punjabi Speaking State – A Critical Analysis and a series of articles on Punjabi literature and Sikh history. 

During the Congress division, he was selected by Indira Gandhi to opt for a new party symbol. He supported her in the Operation Blue Star and administered the restoration of the Golden Temple as a minister. During Indira’s term, his name was suggested for the post of President of India along with Giani Zail Singh.   

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Buta Singh Achievements

Buta Singh became the vice-president of Asian Amateur Athletics Association in 1979, President of Amateur Athletics Federation of India from 1976-84 and Chairman and chief-coordinator of Special Organising Committee of IX Asian Games in 1982.

He served several socially and economically depressed people and was involved in National Integration and Religious Studies.


In 1998, while serving as Communications Minister, he was prosecuted in the JMM bribery case and was compelled to quit. 

In 2005, the Supreme Court of India had censored the Bihar’s Governor Buta Singh’s decision for recommending the dissolution of Bihar Assembly. He governed that Singh acted in the hustle and deceived the federal cabinet. He never wanted a particular party claiming to form the government. He revealed that the party was applying biased methods to secure support to establish the government.

Buta Singh Personal Life

Buta Singh tied the knot with Manjit Kaur on 24th February 1964 and the couple was blessed with three children – two sons named Sweety and Lovely who holds powerful positions in Bihar than the governor, and one daughter named Gurkeerat Kaur who joined the Congress in 2018. 

Singh’s favourite pastime and leisure include reading, writing articles on Harijan problems and working for the improvement of agricultural labour. He loves swimming, shooting and hiking.

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