The Delhi Metro Rail Corporation, DMRC, has successfully replaced buses and other public transportation modes for the common man in the city over the years and continues to expand its reach. DMRC, which operates a network spanning over 100 km linking Delhi with Noida and Gurgaon in the NCR, has received international benchmarks in service and technology. The Delhi Metro, which started its journey with a mere 8-km-long Red Line connecting Shahdra and Tis Hazari, has turned 17 today.

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Delhi Metro Anniversary

The Delhi Metro was inaugurated by the then prime minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee, along with the then Delhi Chief Minister Sheila Dikshit on December 25, 2002,

At present, DMRC has eight colour-coded lines: Red, Yellow, Blue, Violet, Orange, Green, Magenta and Pink, with the last two being the latest addition to the fleet.

Recently the Centre and the Delhi governments have released Rs 800 crore for the Delhi Metro Phase-IV which aims to touch outskirts of the city, like Bawana and Narela in northwest Delhi.

Delhi Metro, which consists of eight lines at a total length of 373km with 271 stations over and below ground, carries approximately 2.8 million riders every day.

Delhi Metro History

The Government of India and the Government of Delhi established Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) in March 1995 for building a new metro system in Delhi.

The Delhi Metro project became the first railway project in the world to be certified for carbon credits for reducing greenhouse gas emissions by the United Nations in 2011. DMRC saved 112,500MW of power by using regenerative brakes in the trains, and reduced carbon emissions by 630,000t yearly.

After more than 40 years of studies into a rail-based mass transit system, DMRC started the construction work on 1 October 1998.

The funding for the Delhi Metro project primarily came from a Japanese loan and Indian public funds, the latter was in the form of equity. Phase I and Phase II were fully functional by January 2013.

DMRC partnered with Google India (through Google Transit) In March 2010, to send train schedule and route information to mobile phones with Google Maps. This free service allows commuters to get the latest information/updates so that they can plan their journey accordingly.

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Lines and routes of Delhi Metro

Line 1 (Red Line) runs between Dilshad Garden and Rithala. This line covers 25.1km, serves 21 stations and has 26 trains. The first section of Line 1, which opened in December 2002, is from Shahdara to Tis-Hazari. A phase two extension from Inderlok to Rithala opened in March 2004 and the Shahdara-Dilshad Garden section started in June 2008.

Line 2 (Yellow Line) runs between Jahangirpuri and HUDA city centre. It covers 44.65km, serves 34 stations and has 60 trains. The first section, running between Vishwa-vidyalaya and Kashmere Gate, started in December 2004. Extensions opened between Kashmere Gate and Central Secretariat in July 2005, and between Vishwa-vidyalaya and Jahangirpuri in February 2009.

The 14.47km Qutab Minar to Gurgaon line extension and the HUDA City Centre to Qutub Minar extension of Line 2 were opened to the public in June 2010. The 12.53km line extension from Central Secretariat to Qutab Minar opened in September 2010.

Line 3 (Blue Line) runs between Dwarka Sector 9 and Noida City Centre. It covers 49.93km, serves 44 stations and has 70 trains. The first section of the line opened in December 2005 and ran from Barakhamba to Dwarka.

Subsequent sections opened between Dwarka and Dwarka Subcity in March 2006; Barakhamba and Indraprastha in November 2006; Indraprastha and Yamuna Bank in May 2009; and Yamuna Bank and Noida City Centre in November 2009.

The 2.76km section from Dwarka Sector 9 to 21 was opened on 30 October 2010. Operations on the 2.5km extension from Anand Vihar ISBT to Vaishali and Ghaziabad began in July 2011.

Lines 2 and 3 pass through the city centre and business district at Connaught Place, served by Rajiv Chowk station.

Line 4 (Blue Line), which opened in January 2010, runs between Yamuna Bank and Anand Vihar. It covers 8.74km and serves seven stations.

Line 5 (Green Line) runs between Inderlok and Mundka and is the first standard gauge railway line in India. It covers 15.15km, serves 13 stations and has 15 trains. The line opened in April 2010 and benefits 100,000 commuters residing in west Delhi. The 3.32km Kirti Nagar to Ashok Park extension opened in June 2011.

The section has two stations: Kirti Nagar (at grade) and Satguru Ram Singh Marg (elevated).

Line 6 (Violet Line) runs between Central Secretariat and Badarpur. It covers 20.16km, serves 15 stations and has 30 trains. The section between Central Secretariat and Sarita Vihar was opened in October 2010. The Sarita Vihar to Badarpur extension was opened in January 2011.

Line 7 (Pink Line) runs between Majlis Park to Mayur Vihar Pocket I covering 39.72km with 23 stations and Trilokpuri Sanjay lake to Shiv Vihar covering 17.86km distance with 15 stations.

Line 8 (Magenta Line) runs between Botanical Garden to Janakpuri West covering a distance of 37.46km and serving 25 stations.

Airport Express Line (Orange Line) is 22.7km-long. It was opened in February 2011 and runs between New Delhi railway station and Dwarka Sector 21 linking Indira Gandhi International Airport with six stations.


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Metro Rail Future Projects

Take a look at five expected metro rail projects: 

Delhi Metro Phase IV

The Union Cabinet approved Delhi Metro’s Phase-4 project comprising of 3 – priority corridors. The total length of these three corridors is 61.679 km. Out of the total 61.679 km, 22.359 km will be built underground and 39.320 km will be constructed as an elevated section. These corridors will consist of 46 stations, of which 17 stations will be underground and the rest 29 stations will be constructed as elevated sections.

Aerocity-Tughlakabad corridor will have 15 Stations, R.K Ashram-Janakpuri West Corridor will have 25 Stations and Maujpur-Mukundpur Corridor will have 6 Stations. The 3 corridors consist of both underground (22.359 km) and elevated (39.320 km) sections.

Agra Metro Project

The Agra Metro project is supposed to be completed in five years. The project will have two corridors which will cross through the heart of the city and will connect all important tourist spots like Taj Mahal, Agra Fort, Sikandra, etc.

The project will also connect places like ISBT, Raja Ki Mandi Railway Station, Medical College, Agra Cant railway station, Collectorate, Sanjay Place, and other surrounding populated suburban areas. The extent of Sikandra to Taj East Gate passageway will be 14 Km. It will be partially elevated and somewhat underground and covers of 13 Stations (6-Elevated and 7-Underground). The extent of Agra Cantt to Kalindi Vihar corridor is 15.40 km and it covers 14 stations all elevated.

Kanpur Metro Rail Project

Kanpur Metro Rail Project was signed in March this year. It will have two passageways and will connect primary public junctions and city crowd areas of Kanpur. The project is supposed to finish in five years. The length of ITT to Naubasta passageway is 23.785 Km, which is slightly elevated and somewhat underground and covers 22 Stations (14-Elevated and 8-Underground).

The distance of Agriculture University to Barra-8 corridor is 8.60 Km covering about 4 Elevated & 4 Underground stations. IJT Kanpur to Naubasta corridor will cross through the heart of the city covering various leading educational institutions, railway and bus stations like IIT Kanpur, CSJM University, GSYM Medical College, Jhakarkati bus station, etc. 

Surat Metro Rail Project

Surat Metro rail project will have two metro rail passageways with a consolidated length of 40.35 Km. The project will be finished in 5 years. The corridor-1, Sarthana to Dream city line is 21.61 Km comprising of the underground corridor of 6.47 km and elevated corridor of 15.14 Km, which will connect 20 metro stations.

The 20 stations on corridor-1 will be connected via Sarthana, Nature park, Kapodra, Labheshwar chowk area, Central Warehouse, Surat Railway station, Maskati hospital, Gandhi Baug, Majura Gate, Roopali canal, Dream city. The corridor-2, Bhesan to Saroli line is 18.74 Km and is an elevated corridor which will connect 18 Metro stations.

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Patna Metro Rail Project

Patna Metro Rail project will be completed in five years. It will have two rail corridors— the first corridor will be from Danapur to Mithapur and the second from Patna railway station to Dak Bungalow Chowk to proposed ISBT. Danapur Cantt to Mithapur corridor will pass through the heart of the city and will connect densely populated areas such as Raza Bazar, Secretariat, High Court, Law University Railway Station.

Patna Junction to ISBT corridor will connect Gandhi Maidan, PMCH, Patna University, Rajendra Nagar, Mahatma Gandhi Setu, Transport Nagar, and ISBT. The length of Danapur to Mithapur corridor is 16.94 Km and the length of Patna Station to New ISBT corridor is 14.45 Km. (Source: TN)

Delhi Metro Images on India Content

The India Content website has a good stock of images related to the Delhi Metro and Delhi Metro Anniversary. The high-quality pictures on the website are available in three sizes-small, medium and large.

You can purchase various other content images from the